Power Points

1812-1815: War Of 1812

1812: Augustus Porter finances a millrace to supply water and stimulate industry. Manchester, DOW Niagara Falls, his settlement along the American rapids, begins to prosper.

1825: Erie Canal Completed
1832: Buffalo Incorporated
1837: Financial Panic
1850: Fugitive Slave Law
Compromise of 1850
1850-53: Millard Fillmore Presidency
1857: Financial Panic

1857: First Waters from the Hydraulic Canal falling over the "High Bank", utilized.

1860-65: Civil War
1861-64 : Abraham Lincoln Presidency
1863. Emancipation Proclamation
1869: Transcontinental Railroad Completed

July 1, 1861: Measuring thirty-six feet wide and eight feet deep, the Hydraulic Canal is completed by Horace Day.

1873: Financial Panic
1877: National Railroad Strike

1875: Day finishes the canal basin. Charles Gaskill establishes his flour mill. He was the only one to purchase one of Day's power sites.

May 1, 1877: Jacob Schoellkopf and his associates purchase the Hydraullic Canal.

April 23, 1878: Schoellkopf incorporates the Niagara Falls Hydraulic Power and Manufacturing Company.

1881: NFHP&MC builds an electric generating station to supply power to the City of Niagara Falls.

1885-1889: Grover Cleveland Presidency

February 2, 1886: Engineer, Thomas Evershed unveils his plan for developing power for Gaskill's Niagara River Hydraulic Tunnel, Power, and Sewer Company.

June 12, 1889: The Cataract Construction Company is incorporated and Niagara Falls Power Company is formed by Adams.

December 14, 1891:The Cataract Construction Company decides upon a central power station for generating and distributing power.

December 20, 1892: The Evershed tunnel and the Adams power house inlet are completed.

April 7, 1892: Canadian and American investors form the Canadian Niagara Power Company. The company is granted the right to build a power house on Queen Victoria Niagara Falls Park and is permitted to divert water from the Niagara River to generate power.

May 6, 1893: Alternating current is selected as the means to develop power at the Niagara Falls Power Company's Station (under con-struction) on the upper Niagara River.

August 26, 1895: The Edward Dean Adams station delivers its first commercial power to the Pittsburgh Reduction Company (now ALCOA.) Situated adjacent to the Adams station, the company produces aluminum and is dependent upon the hydro-electric power source.

1893: Ice jam halts water flow over the Falls
1893-1897: G. Cleveland's 2nd Presidency
1893: Financial Panic
1894: Pullman Strike

November 16, 1896: The Niagara Falls Power Company transmits alternating current to Buffalo. City of Niagara Falls arrives as a power center.

1901: Pan American Exposition
1901: Financial Panic
1903: First steel rolled at Lackawanna
1907: NY Financial Panic

1905: Canadian Niagara Power Company begins generating at Rankine Power Station in Victoria Park, just above the Horseshoe Falls on the Canadian Shore.

1910: The United States and Canada sign the Boundary Waters Treaty. This treaty dictates how much water can be used by each nation without destroying the beauty of the catatracts.

1914-1918: World War 1
1919: Great steel strike

1918: Bowing to government pressure for more efficient use of the Niagara River's water as required by the Boundary Waters Treaty of 1910, Adam's Niagara Falls Power Company and Schoellkopf's Niagara Falls Hydraullic Power Company merge. They retain the name Niagara Falls Power Company.

1929: Stock Market Crash
1930-39: The Great Depression
1939-1945: World War 11
1950-53: Korean War

1956:The Schoellkopf station is destroyed in a landslide. Fostered by a need to restore and increase generating capacity, the Robert Moses Niagara Power Project is born.

1961: Robert Moses Power Plant begins generating. The Adams powerhouses are shutdown and bulldozed into their wheelpits.

1964-1975: Viet Nam War